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????-1.0 2/12/99 ??/??/?? EP
1
Characteristics subject to change without notice
1M
X28C010
128K x 8 Bit
5 Volt, Byte Alterable E
2
PROM
FEATURES
Access Time: 120ns
Simple Byte and Page Write
--Single 5V Supply
--No External High Voltages or V
PP
Control Cir-
cuits
--Self-Timed
No Erase Before Write
No Complex Programming Algorithms
No Overerase Problem
Low Power CMOS:
--Active: 50mA
--Standby: 500A
Software Data Protection
--Protects Data Against System Level
Inadvertant Writes
High Speed Page Write Capability
Highly Reliable Direct WriteTM Cell
--Endurance: 100,000 Write Cycles
--Data Retention: 100 Years
Early End of Write Detection
--DATA Polling
--Toggle Bit Polling
DESCRIPTION
The Xicor X28C010 is a 128K x 8 E
2
PROM, fabricated
with Xicor's proprietary, high performance, floating gate
CMOS technology. Like all Xicor programmable non-
volatile memories the X28C010 is a 5V only device. The
X28C010 features the JEDEC approved pinout for byte-
wide memories, compatible with industry standard
EPROMs.
The X28C010 supports a 256-byte page write operation,
effectively providing a 19s/byte write cycle and enabling
the entire memory to be typically written in less than 2.5
seconds. The X28C010 also features DATA Polling and
Toggle Bit Polling, system software support schemes
used to indicate the early completion of a write cycle. In
addition, the X28C010 supports Software Data Protection
option.
Xicor E
2
PROMs are designed and tested for applications
requiring extended endurance. Data retention is specified
to be greater than 100 years.
PIN CONFIGURATIONS
2
32
4 3
31
NC
A16
A
15
A12
A
7
A
6
A5
A
4
A3
A
2
A
1
A0
I/O
0
I/O1
I/O2
V
SS
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
32
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
VCC
WE
NC
A14
A13
A
8
A9
A
11
OE
A10
CE
I/O7
I/O
6
I/O5
I/O4
I/O
3
X28C010
CERDIP
FLAT PACK
SOIC (R)
PGA
X28C010
(BOTTOM VIEW)
14
A0
16
I/O1
18
VSS
11
A3
9
A5
7
A7
15
I/O0
17
I/O2
19
I/O3
5
A15
2
NC
36
VCC
20
I/O4
21
I/O5
34
NC
23
I/O7
25
A10
27
A11
29
A8
22
I/O6
32
NC
24
CE
26
OE
28
A 9
30
A 13
13
A1
12
A2
10
A4
8
A6
4
A
16
3
NC
1
NC
35
WE
33
NC
31
A 14
6
A12
X28C010
(TOP VIEW)
A6
A5
A4
A3
A2
A1
A0
I/O0
A13
A8
A9
A11
A10
I/O7
A14
I/O



1

I/O



2

V

SS


I/O



3

I/O



4

I/O



5

I/O



6

A

12


A

15


A

16


NC


V
CC


WE


NC


6
1
5
8
7
9
10
11
12
13
15
17
16
18 19 20
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
OE
CE
A7
14
21
30
X28C010
(TOP VIEW)
A6
A5
A4
A3
A2
A1
A0
I/O 0
A13
A8
A9
A11
A10
I/O7
A14
I/O



1

I/O



2

V
SS


I/O



3

I/O



4

I/O



5

I/O
6

A

12


A

15


A

16


NC


V

CC


WE
NC


OE
CE
A7
30
PLCC
LCC
EXTENDED LCC
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
21
6
5
8
7
9
10
11
12
13
2
32
4 3
31
1
15
17
16
18 19 20
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
X28C010
OE
A10
CE
I/O7
I/O6
I/O5
I/O4
I/O3
NC
NC
VSS
NC
NC
I/O2
I/O1
I/O0
A0
A1
A2
40
39
38
37
36
35
34
33
32
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
A11
A9
A 8
A13
A14
NC
NC
NC
WE
VCC
NC
NC
NC
A16
A15
A12
A7
A6
A5
TSOP
14
20
A3
21
A4
X28C010
2
PIN DESCRIPTIONS
Addresses (A
0
A
16
)
The Address inputs select an 8-bit memory location
during a read or write operation.
Chip Enable (CE)
The Chip Enable input must be LOW to enable all read/
write operations. When CE is HIGH, power consumption
is reduced.
Output Enable (OE)
The Output Enable input controls the data output buffers
and is used to initiate read operations.
Data In/Data Out (I/O
0
I/O
7
)
Data is written to or read from the X28C010 through the
I/O pins.
Write Enable (WE)
The Write Enable input controls the writing of data to the
X28C010.
PIN NAMES
Symbol
Description
A
0
A
16
Address Inputs
I/O
0
I/O
7
Data Input/Output
WE
Write Enable
CE
Chip Enable
OE
Output Enable
V
CC
+5V
V
SS
Ground
NC
No Connect
FUNCTIONAL DIAGRAM
X BUFFERS
LATCHES AND
DECODER
I/O BUFFERS
AND LATCHES
Y BUFFERS
LATCHES AND
DECODER
CONTROL
LOGIC AND
TIMING
1M-BIT
E2PROM
ARRAY
I/O0I/O7
DATA INPUTS/OUTPUTS
CE
OE
VCC
VSS
A8A16
WE
A0A7
X28C010
3
DEVICE OPERATION
Read
Read operations are initiated by both OE and CE LOW.
The read operation is terminated by either CE or OE
returning HIGH. This two line control architecture
eliminates bus contention in a system environment. The
data bus will be in a high impedance state when either
OE or CE is HIGH.
Write
Write operations are initiated when both CE and WE are
LOW and OE is HIGH. The X28C010 supports both a
CE and WE controlled write cycle. That is, the address is
latched by the falling edge of either CE or WE, whichever
occurs last. Similarly, the data is latched internally by the
rising edge of either CE or WE, whichever occurs first. A
byte write operation, once initiated, will automatically
continue to completion, typically within 5ms.
Page Write Operation
The page write feature of the X28C010 allows the entire
memory to be written in 5 seconds. Page write allows two
to two hundred fifty-six bytes of data to be consecutively
written to the X28C010 prior to the commencement of
the internal programming cycle. The host can fetch data
from another device within the system during a page
write operation (change the source address), but the
page address (A
8
through A
16
) for each subsequent valid
write cycle to the part during this operation must be the
same as the initial page address.
The page write mode can be initiated during any write
operation. Following the initial byte write cycle, the host
can write an additional one to two hundred fifty six bytes
in the same manner as the first byte was written. Each
successive byte load cycle, started by the WE HIGH to
LOW transition, must begin within 100s of the falling
edge of the preceding WE. If a subsequent WE HIGH to
LOW transition is not detected within 100s, the internal
automatic programming cycle will commence. There is
no page write window limitation. Effectively the page
write window is infinitely wide, so long as the host
continues to access the device within the byte load cycle
time of 100s.
Write Operation Status Bits
The X28C010 provides the user two write operation
status bits. These can be used to optimize a system write
cycle time. The status bits are mapped onto the I/O bus
as shown in Figure 1.
Figure 1. Status Bit Assignment
DATA Polling (I/O
7
)
The X28C010 features DATA Polling as a method to
indicate to the host system that the byte write or page
write cycle has completed. DATA Polling allows a simple
bit test operation to determine the status of the X28C010,
eliminating additional interrupt inputs or external
hardware. During the internal programming cycle, any
attempt to read the last byte written will produce the
complement of that data on I/O
7
(i.e., write data = 0xxx
xxxx, read data = 1xxx xxxx). Once the programming
cycle is complete, I/O
7
will reflect true data. Note: If the
X28C010 is in the protected state and an illegal write
operation is attempted DATA Polling will not operate.
Toggle Bit (I/O
6
)
The X28C010 also provides another method for
determining when the internal write cycle is complete.
During the internal programming cycle, I/O
6
will toggle
from HIGH to LOW and LOW to HIGH on subsequent
attempts to read the device. When the internal cycle is
complete the toggling will cease and the device will be
accessible for additional read or write operations.
5
TB
DP
4
3
2
1
0
I/O
RESERVED
TOGGLE BIT
DATA POLLING
X28C010
4
DATA Polling I/O
7
Figure 2. DATA Polling Bus Sequence
Figure 3. DATA Polling Software Flow
DATA Polling can effectively halve the time for writing to
the X28C010. The timing diagram in Figure 2 illustrates
the sequence of events on the bus. The software flow
diagram in Figure 3 illustrates one method of implement-
ing the routine.
CE
OE
WE
I/O7
X28C010
LAST
WRITE
HIGH Z
VOL
VIH
A0A14
An
An
An
An
An
An
VOH
An
READY
WRITE DATA
SAVE LAST DATA
AND ADDRESS
READ LAST
ADDRESS
IO7
COMPARE?
NO
YES
NO
YES
WRITES
COMPLETE?
READY
X28C010
X28C010
5
The Toggle Bit I/O
6
Figure 4. Toggle Bit Bus Sequence
Figure 5. Toggle Bit Software Flow
The Toggle Bit can eliminate the software housekeeping
chore of saving and fetching the last address and data
written to a device in order to implement DATA Polling.
This can be especially helpful in an array comprised of
multiple X28C010 memories that is frequently updated.
Toggle Bit Polling can also provide a method for status
checking in multiprocessor applications. The timing
diagram in Figure 4 illustrates the sequence of events on
the bus. The software flow diagram in Figure 5 illustrates
a method for polling the Toggle Bit.
CE
OE
WE
I/O6
X28C010
VOH
VOL
LAST
WRITE
HIGH Z
* Beginning and ending state of I/O6 will vary.
*
*
READY
LOAD ACCUM
FROM ADDR n
COMPARE
ACCUM WITH
ADDR n
READY
NO
YES
LAST WRITE
COMPARE
OK?